The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out on 20 March 1921 to determine ownership of the province of Upper Silesia between Weimar Germany and Poland. There are words which carry the . Upon its dissolution after 906, the region fell under the influence of the Pemyslid rulers of Bohemia . Upper Silesia in Modern Central Europe: On the Significance of the Non-National in the Age of Nations Tomasz Kamusella.

The plebiscite was to be held within two years of the Treaty (signed in 1919) in the whole of Silesia, although the Polish government only wanted it to be held in the part of Silesia east of the Oder river . Germany won 60% of the votes, but Poland argued that many of those that voted for Germany did not live in Upper Silesia. View Stamp Auction.

Plebiscite area Upper Silesia Territory of the Saar Basin (Saargebiet) Germany 1919-1945: Weimar Republic 1919-1933 Inflation period panes Third Reich 1933-1945: Occupied areas in WWII: Albania Bohemia and Moravia Boka Kotorska Jersey Macedonia Poland Serbia Slovenia (Ljubljana Province) Zadar (Zara) Allied occupation: Allied Control Council issues

Silesia, Polish lsk, Czech Slezsko, German Schlesien, historical region that is now in southwestern Poland. The "Industrial Triangle" on the eastern side of the plebiscite zonebetween the cities then called Beuthen, Kattowitz, and Gleiwitzwas the heart of this large industrial complex. Contrary to expectations, the plebiscite did not settle the issue of Upper Silesia decisively. Original print. The medal is made from Bronze and although considered a French medal (predominately awarded to French armed forces) the medal was actually issued by the Inter Allied government of Upper Silesia. Inter-Allied occupation for safeguarding the plebiscite in Upper Silesia, French guard in Katowice, January 1920, coloured photograph, cigarette card, series 'Die . stands for the French: Commission de Gouvernement Haute Silesie. GornySlask. Official Stamps. Plebiscite in Upper Silesia. 1. The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out in March 1921 to determine a section of the border between Weimar Germany and Poland.The region was ethnically mixed with both Germans and Poles; according to prewar statistics, ethnic Poles formed 60 percent of the population. According to prewar statistics, ethnic Poles formed 60 percent of the population. Plebiscite on Peace dove. Members of the Polish Plebiscite Committee The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty . The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a referendum for the self-determination of the population of Upper Silesia that was required by the Treaty of Versailles. Ask me on Twitter (@todayinthewar) [Further Reading] March 20, 2021. Both Germany and Poland valued this region, not only for reasons of national identity, but also for its vast mineral resources as well. According to prewar statistics, ethnic Poles formed 60 percent of the population. Therefore, Germany claimed that the whole area should remain German. Find the perfect upper silesia 1920 stock photo. As early as 22 March 1921, Wojciech Korfanty, as the Polish Plebiscite Commissioner, issued a proclamation which read, 'Compatriots! Set in calmer times, the phenomenon Memorandum. Some of the most interesting documents & passports can be attributed to post-WWI areas of dispute and conflict that sprung up like "mushrooms after the rain" in Europe. The remaining part of Cieszyn region, together with the eastern strip of Prussian Upper Silesia, became Polish and was made the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship in 1922. . A short summary of this paper. Official stamps of Germany of 1920 issues (both with and without numeral 21 in corners) surcharged C. G. H. S. in letterpress in black color. major Allied powers concerned Upper Silesia. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It was composed of the representatives of the Allied forces, and thus its members hailed from mostly from France, with smaller contingents from United Kingdom and Italy. In this article the author illustrates the activity of police services in Upper Silesia between 1918 and 1922. 10th Anniversary of the Upper Silesia Plebiscite. catalogue. Official issues 1920/1922. The other region slated for a plebiscite on the Polish-German border was Upper Silesia - but here, the situation turned violent. Silesia is . Leaflet addressed to Silesians Catholics. Complicating a division of the region was the fact that many of the towns in the east had large German majorities, but were surrounded by Polish .

After the war, fighting broke out between its Polish and German inhabitants, so Italy, France, Great Britain and the United States sent troops to occupy and pacify the area. According to the 9th century Bavarian Geographer, the West Slavic Opolanie tribe had settled on the upper Oder River since the days of the Migration Period, centered around the gord of Opole.At the time of Prince Svatopluk I (871-894), all Silesia was a part of his Great Moravian realm. UPPER SILESIA- GORNY SLASK. The region was ethnically mixed, chiefly among Germans, Poles and Silesians. Calls for a vote for Germany in the upcoming plebiscite. The region was ethnically mixed with both Germans and Poles; according to prewar statistics, ethnic Poles formed 60 percent of the population. The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out on 20 March 1921 to determine a section of the border between Weimar Germany and Poland.The region was ethnically mixed with both Germans and Poles; according to prewar statistics, ethnic Poles formed 60 percent of the population. 37 Full PDFs related to . Sign up for Curiosity Stream and get Nebula bundled in and SAVE 26%: https://curiositystream.com/thegreatwarThe question of the allegiance of the ethnically . The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out on 20 March 1921 to determine a section of the border between Weimar Germany and Poland.wikipedia. After World War I, the German province of Upper Silesia was occupied by the Allies to organize a plebiscite or plebiscite on behalf of the League of Nations to determine whether Upper Silesia More. Modernity, Violence, and (Be)Longing in Upper Silesia, 2016.

88) that the inhabitants of Upper Silesia (pop. The plebiscite was a test for the League of Nations and for the national activists in the region who had previously argued that national identity was inherent, before recognizing that loyalty was a matter of choicea vote. Britain and France sent troops to ensure the vote was democratic. Border Plebiscite in Upper Silesia, 1919-1921 T. HUNT TOOLEY THE FIXING of the disputed Polish-German border in Upper Silesia by referendum in 1921 has generally stood in a second rank behind other dramatic and difficult episodes of peacemaking and stabilization. This is recognised by the raised lettering on the reverse "COMMISSION INTERALLIEE DE GOUVERNEMENT ET DE PLEBISCITE" 1920 - 1922 dates in relief. Upper Silesia was a highly industrialized, mineral rich area in the far southeast of the German Empire and highly coveted by both Germany and Poland. Poland - 1921 - Upper Silesia Plebiscite - unused with gum. . Upper Silesia (Gorny Slask in Polish), with a mixed Polish and German population, was part of Germany before WWI. plebiscite in Upper Silesia, in order to determine the borders that would divide reconstituted Poland and reorganized Germany. Silesia (/ s a l i , s a l i i /, also UK: /-i z i /, US: /-i i ,-i , s -/) is a historical region of Central Europe that lies mostly within contemporary Poland, with small parts in the neighboring Czechia and Germany.Its area is approximately 40,000 km 2 (15,400 sq mi), and the population is estimated at around 8,000,000. The Upper Silesian Plebiscite and Uprisings in Historiography and Collective Memories. In April 1920 the German Local Official Stamps for the State of Prussia were overprinted "C.G.H.S." for government use in the plebiscite territory. In 1921 a plebiscite was organised by the League to decide whether Upper Silesia would become German or Polish territory. After the First World War, Poland, which had previously been split up between Germany, Austria and Russia, was now reinstated as a nation. 10th Anniversary of the Upper Silesia Plebiscite. German Silesia - from revolution to degermanisation, by Leslie Wilson. Weimar Republic Postal Stationery - Postcards. The Treaty of Versailles had ordered a plebiscite in Upper Silesia to determine whether the territory should be a part of Germany or Poland. Series: General edition Upper Silesia Catalog codes: Mi:DR-OS 38a, Sn:DR-OS 40, Yt:DR-OS . Silesia was originally a Polish province, which became a possession of the Bohemian crown in 1335, passed with that crown to the Austrian Habsburgs in 1526, and was taken by Prussia in 1742. GERMANY AWAITS UPPER SILESIA PLEBISCITE VOTE; May Approach Reparations With Something Like Optimism if She Wins.STILL HOPES IN AMERICABelief Harding AdministrationWill Extend Aid in OneForm or . Size 33 x 22 cm. The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out on 20 March 1921 to determine a section of the border between Weimar Germany and Poland. The allied authorities in Paris presumably know more about the situation on the eastern frontier of Germany than does any one on this side of the water, so it may be supposed that they are right . The plebiscite would also resolve the issue of which country would receive the territory's rich deposits of coal, which had helped power Germany during the war. It is absolutely impossible to find a contemporary source which is not extremely biased toward either Germany or Poland, as both nations considered the . Philately: Plebiscite Area Upper Silesia - Varieties of Postage Stamps A. Postage stamps March - May 1920. Kai Struve. This card was issued in 1931. The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a border referendum mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out in March 1921 to determine a section of the border between Weimar Germany and Poland. Instead, Polish terrorist action ensured that Upper Silesia, at the insistence of the French (but opposed by the Italian section of the Plebiscite Commission) was partitioned into two zones to deliberately ensure that Poland got the lion's share of the industrialised coal region for no other reason than to 'punish' Germany (even though Poles .

P190. For some time past there has been a great deal of discussion in connection with the so-called security pacts of the alleged injustice of those clauses of the Treaty of Versailles which gave to Poland the Province of Pomerania, commonly known as the "Polish Corridor", and of the allotment of a part of Upper Silesia to Poland on the . Under the previous rule by the German Empire, Poles claimed they had . Both Germany and Poland valued this region not only for reasons of national feeling, but for its economic importance as well. At the same time, the future of Upper Silesia was in question. Admittedly, the mosaic voting pattern defied an easy boundary . . Does anyone here know what the 1921 Upper Silesian plebiscite results were (in terms of total numbers/votes) for the part of Upper Silesia that ended up becoming a part of Poland? the plebiscite area in Upper Silesia." David Hunter Miller, Opinion on the Question of Upper Silesia Written at the Request of . The plebiscite that was to decide about the fate of over 1 million people, outline the borders and determine whether the Upper Silesia should belong to Poland or Germany, started early in the morning. Creating Nationality in Central Europe, 1880-1950. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. 1. 02015 00215 Volksabstimmung in Oberschlesien - Schlesisches Museum (Kattowitz).JPG. Polen - 1921 - Oberschlesische Volksabstimmung - unbenutztes MLH. The Second Silesian Uprising (Polish: Drugie powstanie lskie) was the second of three uprisings.. However, in making that claim, it was disregarding the treaty provisions for partitioning the area according to the wishes of the Read More Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Upper Silesia Plebiscite 20 March 1921 - German propaganda postcard at the best online prices at eBay! Fatal Violence in Upper Silesia, 1918-1922 Timothy Wilson.